The research of the algological group begins with a description of the species diversity of cyanobacteria and algae, which are studied in all types of terrestrial biotopes. Basic environmental factors are then measured in the given biotopes (physico-chemical parameters of soil and water, daily temperature, radiation, transparency, pH, oxygen concentration, conductivity, etc.).
For the taxonomic determination of individual species of algae and cyanobacteria, classic microscopic observation is combined with data obtained from DNA sequences. The ecophysiological properties of polar cyanobacteria and algae are determined using field measurements and laboratory experiments. Field experiments in Svalbard are focused, for example, on monitoring photosynthetic activity, nitrogen fixation, studying the formation of dormant stages of cyanobacteria and algae, or studying photochemical processes in different types of biotopes. Laboratory experiments focus on the determination of the ecophysiological requirements of individual species and the detailed study of their reactions to various ecological factors.
Since 2009, experiments with open top chambers (OTC) have been taking place on Svalbard at several locations, where the effect of mild warming and changes in soil moisture on the communities of cyanobacteria and algae and on the rate of decomposition of selected biotopes is monitored. As a result of increasing temperatures in the Arctic, the use of natural resources in the polar regions and the development of human settlements are developing. To reduce the consequences of human activity on polar ecosystems (e.g. eutrophication of waters) and increase the efficiency of local resource use (e.g. fish farming), a number of new technologies will need to be developed, some of which will be based on the use of native microorganisms. The algal group has already carried out the first tests for the selection of biotechnologically interesting strains and tested the possibility of cultivation at low temperatures.
The algology group cooperates with a number of workplaces, for example with the institutes of the Biological Center of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Charles University and the University of Cologne in Germany.
Our group focuses on study of carbon and nitrogen cycles in relation to the composition and functioning of microbial communities and their relationships with other organisms in ecosystems such as tundra, taiga, continental glaciers, lakes.
The main objective of our group is to:
We are primarily interested in how natural forcing (permafrost thaw) is changing the functioning of these ecosystems, i.e. rates of carbon and nutrient transformation and loss from the ecosystem, species and functional diversity of the soil microbial community, and soil-vegetation relationships.
Our research focuses primarily on describing microorganisms in terms of both diversity and function. Microbial communities include all three domains of life (bacteria, archaea and eukaryotes), which implies that the study of such a complex system is poses a considerable challenge to scientists. In the last decade, new genetic and molecular biological techniques (PCR, sequencing, etc.) have been increasingly applied to study complex microbial communities. It is these that allow us to better describe the processes and the microorganisms responsible for them in complex terestrial and aquatic environments. Last but not least, they allow us to study the interactions between organisms. These new methods are the focus of our molecular biology laboratory.
Knowledge of the chemical and microbiological composition of organic matter and the processes by which carbon, nitrogen and nutrients are stabilized is essential to predict the extent and timescale at which SOC will be remobilized from thawing permafrost under climate change.
We have long-standing collaborations with institutes at the Biological Centre of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, and with foreign universities in Helsinki, Hannover, Vienna and Uppsala. These collaborations open up the possibility for our students to travel abroad on a placement at a friendly university.
Team members: Jiří Bárta, Muhammad Waqas (PhD student), Marria Dimova (postdoc), Monika Strejckova (technician), Simona Zelenkova (MSc student), Annika Schmidinger (Bc student), Laura Noskova (Bc student), Jonas Proger (Bc student), Sára Turková (MSc student), Marie Šabacká
Ornithology group focuses mainly on:
When asking important scientific questions, we are often effectively combining independent data at three different levels: i) data directly collected by our team – individual in-depth field studies using a detailed methodology and experimental design; ii) data collected according to unified protocols across an extensive network of 40+ collaborating teams worldwide; iii) data extracted from published and online sources, enabling broad comparative insights.
Our investigations have several important implications. First, we are identifying key climate change, human pressure, and life-history factors affecting breeding performance and survival rates as well as global population trends of wild animals with the use of recently developed demographic models adopting an explicit phylogenetic framework. Second, the exploration of spatial and temporal changes in life-history traits, population dynamics, and social behavior is enabling us to track historic patterns and recent impacts of climate change and human pressure on wild animals in a rapidly changing world. Third, we do care for the outreach and conservation implications of our research, our scientific outputs are being disseminated among conservationists, policymakers, and the wide public in various countries to promote and advocate new specific conservation applications mitigating the impact of recent environmental changes.
We look forward working with highly motivated researchers from all over the world. This may include scientists, conservationists, post-docs, students at various levels, interns, and volunteers. Get in touch with us.
Team members: Vojtěch Kubelka, Guillaume Dillenseger and Andreas Rimoldi, Sára Turková